Pregnant Woman with Migraines, Hypothyroidism, and Tachycardia Helped with Chiropractic

Can Chiropractic Help Pregnancy Related Issues? Can Chiropractic Care Help Delivery?

From  the Journal of Pediatric, Maternal & Family Health, a case study published on March 25, 2015, reports on the case of a pregnant woman suffering from migraine headaches, hypothyroidism, and tachycardia being helped with chiropractic.

Pregnant Woman with Migraines, Hypothyroidism, and Tachycardia Helped with Chiropractic - Austin TX ChiropractorThe study authors begin by pointing out that the use of chiropractic by pregnant women is fairly common. A survey of women between the ages of 18 and 49 years who were pregnant or had children less than 1 year old found that 37% of pregnant women and 28% of postpartum women reported using some form of CAM (complementary or alternative medicine) in the last 12 months. Of the practitioner-based CAM therapies, chiropractic remains the popular choice for care.

In this case, a 28-year-old woman, who was in the 14th week of her pregnancy, presented herself for chiropractic care. A previous pregnancy resulted in a cesarean delivery. She sought chiropractic care in the hopes that it would help improve her chances of an easier labor and a vaginal delivery. From her medical physician, she had received a diagnosis of hypothyroidism with mild tachycardia, and occasional migraine-type headaches.

A chiropractic analysis was performed consisting of a spinal postural analysis, and spinal  range of motion, as well as static and dynamic palpation. From this, it was determined that subluxations were present in the upper cervical, pelvic, and upper thoracic spine.  Chiropractic adjustments were begun and continued throughout her pregnancy.

On several occasions during her chiropractic care the woman would experience a variety of symptoms such as headaches, pelvic pain, and dizziness.  These problems were quickly corrected after her chiropractic adjustment.

During the 30th week of her pregnancy, the woman fell at home and her obstetrician’s discovered that her fetus had moved from the proper vertex position to a transverse lie.  She received two chiropractic appointments, and performed a set of recommended inversion exercises at home. Shortly thereafter, she reported that she felt her baby had shifted back into the normal vertex position.  This was confirmed by her medical physician.

The study reports that the woman was able to successfully carry her fetus through a normal labor, and at 40 weeks plus 4 days, she delivered a baby girl vaginally weighing 8 lbs., 9 oz., and measuring 21 inches long.

If you or anyone you know could benefit from a better functioning nervous system, please call us at 512-452-2525 to schedule a consultation with Dr. Swanson.

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Trigeminal Neuralgia Helped with Chiropractic: Case Study

Can Chiropractic Help Trigeminal Neuralgia? What About Glossopharyngeal Neuralgia?

A study in the Journal of Upper Cervical Chiropractic Research published on February 23, 2015, documents the case of a boy suffering trigeminal and glossopharyngeal neuralgia being helped with chiropractic care. The Mayo Clinic website defines this condition by writting, “Trigeminal neuralgia is a chronic pain condition that affects the trigeminal nerve, which carries sensation from your face to your brain.”

Trigeminal Neuralgia Helped with Chiropractic | Austin TX ChiropractorThe study reports that both  trigeminal and glossopharyngeal neuralgia are characterized by episodes of sharp and sometimes extreme pain in the face. They also note that approximately 4-5 per 100,000 people suffer with this condition per year. That number increases with age, rising to 20 per 100,000 people per year after the age of 60.  Trigeminal neuralgia is the more common of the two conditions and can be triggered by a very slight stimulus. Attacks can be started by such normal activities as swallowing, chewing, coughing, sneezing, speaking, yawning, touching the neck or ear, and certain tastes, as well.

In this case, a 10-year-old boy was brought to the chiropractor with a diagnosis of trigeminal neuralgia. He had been suffering with spontaneous episodes of extreme facial, ear, neck, and chest pain which began 4 months prior to his chiropractic visit. In addition, the boy was also suffering from headaches, constipation, ear, neck, and chest pain, and a specific learning disability that affected his ability to write. It was reported that things as slight as wind or changes in elevation could trigger his pain. Under medical care, he had been prescribed a number of different medications, all of which did not offer any relief.

A chiropractic examination was conducted which included palpation of the spine, a leg length analysis, postural analysis, surface electromyography, and specific neck spinal x-rays. The results showed postural abnormalities consistent with spinal subluxations. Additionally, tender areas were found in the boy’s neck on palpation, and the x-rays were positive for malpositioning of the upper bones in the neck.

Based on the findings, a specific chiropractic adjustment was given to the boy. A post-adjustment x-ray was performed and confirmed an immediate positive change in the positioning of the upper neck bones. Chiropractic care was continued to address the boy’s subluxations.

The results were dramatic. The study noted that five days after the initial chiropractic adjustment, the boy was pain free and no longer experienced any of his previous symptoms. The boy’s mother was so pleased that she started and published a blog documenting her son’s recovery. Additionally, the objective analytical exam procedures verified the boy’s improvement from correction of his subluxations. The boy remained symptom-free for several years which continued through the writing of this case report.

In their conclusion, the study authors summed up the results by saying, “This was a case where the patient, who was diagnosed with both trigeminal and glossopharyngeal neuralgia, reported initial relief of symptoms associated with the disease, and soon after, complete remission.”

If you or someone you know is suffering with trigeminal and/or glossopharyngeal neuralgia, please call 512-452-2525 to schedule a consultation with Dr. Swanson.

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Resolution of Chronic Cervicogenic Headaches with Chiropractic

Can Chiropractic Care Help Children With Chronic Headaches?

In the Journal of Pediatric, Maternal & Family Health is a study published on December 12, 2014, describing the case of a boy who was suffering with chronic headaches being helped by chiropractic care. The authors begin by clarifying that in order for headaches to be classified as chronic they must occur for a duration of more than 15 days per month, and for 3 months or greater than 180 days in a year. They note that approximately 3 to 4% of the general population suffer from chronic headaches.

Resolution of Chronic Cervicogenic Headaches with Chiropractic | Austin TX ChiropractorIn this case, a 6-year-old boy was brought by his mother to the chiropractor for consultation and possible care for the boy’s chronic headaches.  According to his mother, the boy went to the MD two years prior complaining of headaches that were occurring either daily or every other day. The MD told the boy’s mother to give him ibuprofen for his headaches.  This was ineffective and subsequently the boy was sent to a Children’s Hospital for further medical work-up.

MRIs and computer tomography were performed on the boy but failed to show any medical reason for the child’s chronic headaches.  The boy was also seen by a concussion specialist and a neurologist without any help.  The patient and his mother returned to his pediatrician who made the suggestion of chiropractic care.

A chiropractic examination was performed and revealed areas of spinal irregularity on palpation. X-rays also confirmed malpositioning in the boy’s neck. From the examination, it was determined that the boy had subluxations in his cervical spine. Chiropractic care was begun with the boy being seen two times per week.

On the third visit to the chiropractor, the boy reported that he had not had any headaches since his prior visit. On the fourth visit, he did report having another headache.  However, from the fifth visit forward, the boy did not suffer any additional headaches.

For more information about how chiropractic care can help with headaches, please read this very informative Health Research Reports – Children, Headaches and Chiropractic.

If you know of a child suffering with chronic headaches, call 512-452-2525 to schedule an appointment with Dr. Swanson today.

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ADHD and Migraines Helped with Chiropractic

Can Chiropractic Care Help Improve Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)?

The Journal of Vertebral Subluxation Research published a case study on December 5, 2014, discussing chiropractic care helping a patient with both ADHD and migraines. Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) was first described by Sir George Still in 1902.

According to the CDC, the rate of ADHD has increased an average of 3% per year from 1997 to 2006, and increased to 5% from the years 2007 to 2011. The rate of ADHD diagnosis varies greatly per state with it estimated that currently 6.4 million children between the ages of 4 and 17 have been diagnosed nationally. As of 2011, 6.1% of all children between the ages of 4 and 17 were taking ADHD medications. This is up from 4.8% on these meds in 2008.

ADHD and Migraines Helped with ChiropracticIn this case study, a 21-year-old man went to the chiropractor suffering from symptoms of ADHD, migraines, anxiety, depression, insomnia, neck pain, and back stiffness.  He was taking a number of medications for his problems including  paracetamol, codeine, ibuprofen, and valium.  The history noted that the man had been suffering from migraine headaches since age 4 that were accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and blurred vision.


A standardized test known as the ADHD Symptom Regularity and Severity Questionnaire was given to the man before the onset of care, and later during care, to monitor the changes to his ADHD condition from the chiropractic care. In addition, the man was also given a standardized headache questionnaire to measure the changes he may experience with his headaches.

After a chiropractic examination, care was initiated to correct subluxations. Each of the questionnaires was then repeated and documented improvements in both his ADHD scores and his migraine headache rating.

In their conclusion the authors wrote, “This case study illustrates the positive outcomes of a twenty one year old male with signs and symptoms of ADHD and migraine headaches….” The authors continued by explaining, “Subjective decreases in the regularity and severity of symptoms of ADHD and migraine headaches were reached. Objective results in functional improvement were seen with tonal indicators of subluxation, heart rate variability, posture and ranges of motion.”

To see if chiropractic can help your ADHD or to be checked for the presence of nervous system interference, call (512) 452-2525 to schedule today with Dr. Swanson.

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Resolution of Trigeminal Neuralgia Following Chiropractic Care

What Is The Suicide Disease? Can Chiropractic Care Help Trigeminal Neuralgia?

A study published on November 6, 2014, in the Annals of Vertebral Subluxation Research documented the case of a patient with trigeminal neuralgia being helped by chiropractic care.  According to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, “Trigeminal neuralgia (TN), also called tic douloureux, is a chronic pain condition that affects the trigeminal or 5th cranial nerve, one of the most widely distributed nerves in the head.” They further explain that, “The typical or classic form of the disorder causes extreme, sporadic, sudden burning or shock-like facial pain that lasts anywhere from a few seconds to as long as two minutes per episode.”

 Resolution of Trigeminal Neuralgia Following Chiropractic CareThe authors of the study reported that the pain associated with TN is commonly triggered by activities of daily living including shaving, washing the face, applying makeup, brushing teeth, chewing food, drinking, talking, or being exposed to different elements of weather, in particular wind. Due to the severity of the pain and the uncertainty of when it might occur, this problem has been known as “The Suicide Disease.”

In this case, a 77-year-old woman went to the chiropractor and reported suffering with severe TN for the past seven years. She was taking medication to try and help the problem, but the pain was made worse by chewing, talking, and smiling. When her TN was flaring, she was unable to eat or talk well. She entered the chiropractor’s office crying in agony. She rated the pain as a 10 out of 10 in severity.

A chiropractic examination was performed which included spinal palpation, range of motion, thermography, and spinal x-rays. The results of the examination revealed that the woman had subluxations specifically in the top of her neck. Specific chiropractic adjustments were begun at the rate of three visits per week.

The study results recorded that after just three visits, the patient reported that the twitches related to her TN had stopped and she started to recover quicker from her attacks. After six visits, the woman reported that her pain had decreased from a 10 out of 10, down to just 3 out of 10. As her care continued, she continued to improve to the point where she no longer needed her medication. After 6 months of chiropractic care with 31 visits, the woman declared that she was 100% pain free.

In their conclusion the authors reported, “The patient continues to be pain free at the time this paper was published. She reports that her quality of life continues to improve and admittedly, chiropractic drastically improved her health.”

To understand more of how chiropractic helps your nervous system, please read this informative health research report entitled Interference and Your Nervous System.

If you or someone you know is suffering with trigeminal neuralgia, please call 512-452-2525 to schedule a consultation with Dr. Swanson. We can help you!

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Concussion Patient Helped with Chiropractic Care

What Are Symptoms Of A Concussion? Can Chiropractic Care Help Concussions?

The Nov. 3, 2014, issue of the Journal of Pediatric, Maternal & Family Health published a case study of a young woman who had suffered a concussion being helped with chiropractic care.  According to the U.S. National Library of Medicine, “A concussion may occur when the head hits an object, or a moving object strikes the head. A concussion is a minor or less severe type of brain injury, which may also be also called a traumatic brain injury. A concussion can affect how the brain works for awhile. It may lead to a bad headache, changes in alertness, or loss of consciousness.”

The study authors point out that much of the discussion about concussions has involved sports with football being singled out.  They report that, currently, more than 3,000 professional football players are suing the NFL for not properly educating them on the risk of brain injury while playing football.  Children who play sports are also at risk as the study points out that estimates suggest that 5,000 American children are injured or die from sports related concussions per year.

Concussion Patient Helped with Chiropractic Care - Austin TX ChiropractorIn this study, the concussion was not caused by a sports injury. This is the case of a 15-year-old girl who was struck on the head by a falling van rear door. She was taken to the hospital where she was diagnosed with a concussion. Twenty-eight days after her injury, she was brought to the chiropractor suffering from pain on the back portion of her head, headaches, and difficulty concentrating.

Prior to her injury, the young girl played high school hockey. As a precaution related to her sport, she was given a pre-injury ImPACT (Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing) concussion test, which could be used to access her norm should she suffer a concussion playing hockey. As it turned out, this test prior to her injury would help access her progress after her injury.

An extensive chiropractic and neurological examination was performed which included palpation, range of motion, nerve tests, surface EMG, and thermography.  X-rays taken at the hospital after the accident showed a slight reversal of the normal forward neck curve. From these findings, it was determined that subluxations were present in multiple areas of her spine.

Specific chiropractic adjustments were begun to correct her subluxations. After her first adjustment, the patient reported immediate relief. She continued to report improvement by her fourth chiropractic visit. After her ninth visit to the chiropractor, the patient had another  ImPACT test performed which showed that she had improved so much that her score was higher than the score she had received prior to her injury. By her thirteenth visit, the girl reported that she had not had any more headaches and that her difficulty concentrating had completely resolved.

In their conclusion the authors wrote, “This case report reviews the benefits of chiropractic care in the management of a patient with concussion. By correcting the patient’s spinal subluxations with specific chiropractic adjustments her symptoms were alleviated. The patient’s cognitive function was tested and shown to be at a level higher than before her injury.”

For more information about how chiropractic care can help athletes, please read this very informative Health Research Report – The Winning Edge – Athletic Performance and Chiropractic.

If you are, or someone you know is, suffering from a head injury or experiencing concussion type symptoms, call (512) 452-2525 to schedule an appointment today.

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Chronic Ear Infections, Neck Pain, and Headaches Helped with Chiropractic: Case Study

Can Chiropractic Care Help Ear Infections (Otitis Media)? How Does Chiropractic Help Children With Headaches?

A case study published on July 17, 2014, in the Journal of Pediatric, Maternal & Family Health documented chiropractic care helping a 9-year-old girl who was suffering from chronic ear infections, neck pain, and headaches. Ear infections, clinically known as otitis media (OM), are an inflammation of the middle ear, and are currently the most common reasons for children under the age of 15 to visit a medical physician.

The study begins by noting that otitis media costs between 2 and 5.3 billion dollars annually in the US. The highest prevalence of cases is in children between the ages of six to fifteen months. The authors also report that “…approximately two-thirds of all children will be affected by the age of two.”

Chronic Ear Infections, Neck Pain, and Headaches Helped with Chiropractic | Austin Ear Infection Chiropractor DoctorIn this case, a 9-year-old girl was brought to the chiropractor with primary problems of chronic ear infections and headaches. The medical care the girl had been receiving was ineffective. The case study reported that the little girl was scheduled to have tympanostomy tubes placed in her ears in three weeks. Her problem had left her with approximately 60% hearing loss in her left ear and 30% hearing loss in her right ear.

In the four months prior to being brought to the chiropractor, the girl was treated with antibiotics for her ear infections five times. In three of those episodes, her tympanic membranes had burst. In addition to the ear problems, she was suffering from neck pain and occasional but severe headaches.  Her mother had even brought her daughter to a neurologist to no avail.

It was reported that the girl’s severe headaches were interfering with her daily activity including her personal hygiene and her school work.  During, and for a few days after each of her ear infections, her ability to hear was reduced to the point where she had difficulty participating in conversations.

A chiropractic examination was performed that included neck range of motion, manual and digital palpation, and a spinal postural analysis. From the examination, it was determined that the girl had subluxations in her neck and lower back, and a specific course of chiropractic adjustments was begun.

The results of the chiropractic care were immediate and profound. The study records that over the first three weeks of chiropractic care, the girl did not experience a single headache. The girl reported that her daily activities were a lot easier, especially when it came to blow-drying her hair.

After three weeks of chiropractic care, the girl was brought to an otolaryngologist for a re-evaluation where it was found that the girl’s hearing level had returned to 95% of normal. As a result of these profound improvements, the tympanostomy tubes surgery was considered unnecessary, and the procedure was cancelled. During the next 5 years of chiropractic wellness care, it was reported that the girl only experienced three headaches.

“Numerous studies have identified positive outcomes in otitis media with chiropractic care based on the detection and removal of spinal subluxations,” the authors wrote in their conclusion. “This case study demonstrated a total remission of chronic ear infections in a girl under chiropractic care.” They also commented, “The use of antibiotics and tympanostomy tubes are rendered regularly despite significant risk of serious side effects and sequelae. Complementary and alternative medicine, including chiropractic, provides a justifiable alternative care approach.”

To see if chiropractic care can help with your child’s ear infections, neck pain, or headaches, call (512) 452-2525 to schedule today.

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Resolution of Neck Pain and Headaches in a Patient with Dandy-Walker Syndrome

Can Chiropractic Care Help Dandy-Walker Syndrome? How Does Chiropractic Help Headaches?

A case study was published on June 13, 2014, in the Journal of Pediatric, Maternal & Family Health that documented the case of a young girl who was diagnosed with Dandy-Walker Syndrome, and who had been suffering with headaches and neck pain, being helped by chiropractic care.

Resolution of Neck Pain and Headaches | Austin Headache Doctor of ChiropracticAccording to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, “Dandy-Walker Syndrome is a congenital brain malformation involving the cerebellum (an area at the back of the brain that controls movement) and the fluid-filled spaces around it. The key features of this syndrome are an enlargement of the fourth ventricle (a small channel that allows fluid to flow freely between the upper and lower areas of the brain and spinal cord), a partial or complete absence of the area of the brain between the two cerebellar hemispheres (cerebellar vermis), and cyst formation near the lowest part of the skull.”

In this case, a 13-year-old girl was brought to the chiropractor with right-sided headaches, neck pain, and lower back discomfort. The girl’s history reported that she suffered from Dandy-Walker Syndrome since birth. She currently has a cerebral shunt running from her right fourth ventricle to the left atrium of her heart.

Her headaches had started about 6 months before seeking chiropractic care. They had gotten to the point where she was experiencing debilitating headaches 2-5 times per week that lasted from 1-3 hours each. The study notes that the only way the girl was able to get relief from her headaches was to rest without any body movement.

The girl’s neck pain also started about 6 months prior and was progressively getting worse. It was most severe by the end of the day. Her lower back pain was much less severe by comparison.

Based on a chiropractic examination, it was determined that vertebral subluxations were present in the girl’s spine and chiropractic adjustments were begun. Immediately after her first adjustment, she reported that her lower back “felt great.” The next day, she reported via telephone that she had not had any headaches the night before, was not having any neck pain, and her back pain had not returned. By her third visit, she had still not experienced any headaches or neck pain, and the back discomfort that had returned a few days prior was once again gone.

Over the course of care, the study notes some gaps in her visits that resulted in some headaches which were relieved after getting adjusted. Specific tests related to her Dandy-Walker Syndrome showed some improvement in her coordination and abilities. In their conclusion the authors wrote, “This study adds to the evidence on the salutary effects of chiropractic care in children with headaches, neck pain and concomitant symptoms associated with Dandy-Walker Syndrome.”

For more information and research, please read this health research report on Children, Headaches and Chiropractic. To see if chiropractic care can help with your headaches, neck pain, or if you have or know someone who has Dandy-Walker Syndrome, call (512) 452-2525 to schedule today.

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Gastro-Esophageal Reflux Disease and Abnormal Spinal Curves Helped with Chiropractic

Can My Neck Pain Be Causing Other Problems? Can Chiropractic Help Chronic Headaches? Can Chiropractic Help GERD?

From the Annals of Vertebral Subluxation Research, comes a case study published on June 26, 2014, documenting the improvement of abnormal posture, neck curvature and Gastro-Esophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) from chiropractic care. The authors describe GERD by saying, “Gastroesophageal reflux disease is arguably the most prevalent clinical condition of the gastrointestinal tract. The main symptom is heartburn – a retrosternal burning sensation aggravated by eating, lying down, or increased intraabdominal pressure.”

Gastro-Esophageal Reflux Disease and Abnormal Spinal Curves Helped with Chiropractic AustinThe authors also explain the importance of spinal posture and alignment by noting, “Abnormal posture or any type of spinal misalignment can wreak havoc on the body. Abnormal spinal alignment has been correlated with poor general health, physical function, emotional function, lower back pain and social function. The curves in the spine act as levers, shock absorbers, and as resistance to gravity; they also protect and reduce forces acting on the spinal cord and nerve tissues.”

In this case, a 28-year-old female hair stylist went to a chiropractor’s office complaining of chronic headaches, neck pain, dry skin, GERD, and back pain since she was 15 years old. Her problems all seemed to appear after she was involved in an automobile accident that occurred at that time.

A chiropractic examination including x-rays confirmed the abnormal spinal curves, and a determination was made that spinal subluxations were present. Based on this finding, a course of specific chiropractic care was begun.

The study recorded that after only two months of care, the woman showed postural curve changes towards normal. After two months, her GERD symptoms were reduced to the point where she no longer needed to take any of her medication for this problem. It was also reported that her other problems had improved significantly from her chiropractic care.

For more information and research, please read this health research report on the importance of The Cervical Curve. To see if chiropractic care can help with your headaches, neck pain, or GERD, call (512) 452-2525 to schedule today.

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Migraines and Chiropractic: Research and Results

When people think about chiropractic, they often think of the neck and back. Even with the close proximity of the neck to the head region, people seldom realize chiropractic is so effective at helping people who are suffering with migraines and headaches.

The truth is, chiropractic is so effective at helping with these issues, it’s unbelievable that society has not yet caught on to this.

Let’s take a look at what clinical and case studies have shown us.

Migraines and Chiropractic | Austin TX Chiropractor

Chiropractic and Migraine Research

In one series of case studies, the frequency of migraine episodes was reduced on average by 90%, duration of each episode by 38%, and use of medication was reduced by 94%. In addition, several associated symptoms were substantially reduced, including nausea, vomiting, photophobia and phonophobia. (1)

In a larger study, a group of 87 patients with common or classical migraine received chiropractic adjustments and the results were analyzed two years later via a headache questionnaire. Of the patients with common migraine, 85% of females and 50% of males were either improved or their headaches ceased altogether, while patients with classical migraine showed an improvement rate of 78% for females and 75% for males. (2)

In one of the largest randomized controlled studies on the topic so far, 72% of the chronic migraine sufferers had noticeable improvement with 22% of those having over 60% of their symptoms reduced. Frequency of migraines, length of time they had them and the need for medication were all significantly reduced. (3)

In a more recent study, chiropractic care was shown to reduce migraine symptoms significantly and when compared to other provider types, the chiropractic patients reported a greater reduction in pain associated with their attacks. (4)

Another study showed that chiropractic was at least as effective as various medications without the potential serious side effects those medications carry with them. (5)

Overall, the literature is ripe with case studies and despite the limited number of clinical studies on the topic, the results have been very encouraging. (6)

How Does Chiropractic Work for Migraines and Headaches?

Chiropractic works in helping migraine and headache sufferers due to the delicate anatomy of the upper neck. In addition to the lower portion of the brainstem, the main blood supply to a significant portion of the brain must travel through the tiny opening in the spinal column.

Misalignment of the spine, known as vertebral subluxation, occur commonly in the upper neck. That shift in spinal position interferes with the all-important nervous system messages as well as the blood supply to the brain.

Severe head pain is simply the natural response to a situation that is damaging to the body.

Is Chiropractic a Treatment for Migraines and Headaches?

While chiropractic is not technically a “treatment” for migraines or headaches, just as it is not a treatment for autism or other conditions, it does have dramatic restorative effects. Our nervous systems control and coordinate normal function and healing. Once stress has been removed from that system, the natural result is better healing and function.

The results speak for themselves.

To find out if vertebral subluxation is causing migraines or headaches in your life, give us a call at (512) 452-2525 so that our friendly team can schedule a consultation with the doctor.


1.  Tuchin P.J. A case series of migraine changes following a manipulative therapy trial. Australas Chiropr Osteopathy. 1997;6:85–91.

2Wight J.S. Migraine: a statistical analysis of chiropractic treatment. Am Chiropr Assoc (ACA) J Chiropr. 1978;15:S63–S67.

3Tuchin PJ, Pollard H, Bonello R. A randomized controlled trial of spinal manipulative therapy for migraine. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2000;23(2):91-95.

4. Parker, G. B., Tupling, H. and Pryor, D. S. (1978), A Controlled Trial of Cervical Manipulation for Migraine. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Medicine, 8: 589–593. doi: 10.1111/j.1445-5994.1978.tb04845.x

5. Bronfort G, Assendelft WJ, Evans R, Haas M, Bouter L. Efficacy of spinal manipulation for chronic headache: a systematic reviewJ Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2001;24(7):457-466.

6. Vernon, Howard T. The effectiveness of chiropractic manipulation in the treatment of headache: an exploration in the literatureJournal of manipulative and physiological therapeutics 18.9 (1994): 611-617.

7. Additional Headache and Migraine case studies and research papers.

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